In this article, Mr. Sunday Ndamugoba, Managing Partner of ABC Attorneys, analyses the rules and procedures for selling land in Tanzania to non-citizens.
The value of Tanzania’s properties accounted for 3.7% of the country’s GDP (USD1.8b) in 2014, compared to USD1b in 2009, representing an increase of 63%.
The increase is mostly driven by the increasing demand for urban accommodation and the fast-growing Tanzanian population.
Currently (2016), the population of Tanzania is estimated to be 54.85m and is expected to more than double by 2050.
The development of properties in Tanzania is mostly focused on the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, but also on other major urban centers such as Mwanza, Arusha and Mbeya, due to growth in agriculture, mining and tourism sectors.
Tanzania Housing Properties
The demand for properties in Tanzania is estimated at 200,000 houses annually, which results in a current housing shortage of 3m houses.
Alternative building materials are being explored as a way to deliver these houses on a rapid scale, according to the Centre for Affordable Housing Finance in Africa (CAHF).
The Tanzanian housing demand has been boosted by easier access to mortgages, with the number of mortgage lenders in the market increasing from 3 in 2009 to 21 in 2015.
The average mortgage interest rate in Tanzania fell from 22% to 16% during the same period.
Tanzania Housing Properties Rentals
Property rentals in Tanzania are higher than those found in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi for example where a one-bedroom apartment in the city center can be rented at around USD444.5 a month while in Dar es Salaam it is at an average of USD775.3 a month.
Out of the Dar es Salaam city center, to rent a one-bedroom apartment can cost up to USD514.34 a month.
Tanzania Housing Properties Price
Housing price per square meter averages USD1,200 in Dar es Salaam versus USD1,235 in Nairobi according to Numbeo, an online source of statistics on quality life topics by cities and countries.
Out of the Dar es Salaam city center, the average cost per square meter is USD608.17.
Tanzania Commercial Properties
Tanzania’s commercial properties has experienced a strong investment during the last years raising the commercial buildings supply in urban centers.
As a result, the supply of real estate projects built for commercial purposes as offices or stores has grown at a faster rate than the growth in demand for these properties.
Consequently, the retail/commercial property sector currently holds an excess supply of 310,000 square meters.
The establishment of new businesses has been also a driver of growth in demand for retail/commercial property due to Tanzania’s steady growth in the last ten years at an average rate of 7% per annum according to UK Trade & Investment.
Tanzania Properties Project: The PSPF Towers
In 2015, the Public Service Pensions Fund (PSPF) of Tanzania completed its major properties project, the PSPF Towers, which are the tallest buildings in the country and the 5th tallest buildings in Africa.
The Towers are located in Dar es Salaam and offer for sale 2 types of apartments: normal apartments and duplex apartments.
For 3 bedrooms apartments, the price ranges between USD350,000 to USD500,000, inclusive of VAT at 19%.
For offices in the PSPF Towers, the price is USD 2,200 per square meter. Only the ground floor and mezzanine are available for rent for shops and other commercial activities.
The PSPF Towers located in the business district of Tanzania’s commercial capital Dar es Salaam is now selling and renting normal and duplex apartments.
The PSPF Towers located in the business district of Tanzania’s commercial capital Dar es Salaam is selling and renting commercial offices for 550–900m2.