Tanzania Telecoms Sector Report
Telecommunications in Tanzania include fixed and mobile voice services, Internet, television, and radio.
The telecom sector in Tanzania contributed 2.1% to the country’s GDP in 2014, with USD1b, compared to USD513m in 2009 (+100%).
Tanzania’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) attributes the growth rate to an increase in airtime used by mobile phone customers and the expansion of broadcasting and internet services.
In the past 5 years, mobile subscriptions rose by 89%, from 21m in 2010 to almost 40m in 2015 while landline subscriptions decreased by 22%, from 174,511 in 2010 to 142,819, with a teledensity of 79%.
Internet services’ users in Tanzania reached 17.3m in 2015, compared to only 5.3m in 2011.
Table of Contents
Tanzania Telecoms History
Tanzania Converged Licensing Framework (CLF)
Tanzania Telecoms Performances
Tanzania Voice Subscriptions
Tanzania Mobile Voice Subscriptions
Tanzania Landline Voice Subscriptions
Tanzania Internet Services
Tanzania Fibre Optic Cable Network
Tanzania Mobile Internet Network: 4G/3G/2G Services
Tanzania Telecom Inclusion
Tanzania Mobile Sector Taxation
TV Broadcasting Services in Tanzania
Radio Broadcasting Services in Tanzania
Tanzania Telecoms Outlook
Tanzania Telecoms History
Before 1993, the Tanzania Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (TPTC) held a monopoly in the provision of communications and was responsible for the regulation of this sector.
In 1993, the Communications Act was enacted as part of the government’s move to liberalize the communications sector in the country.
Since then, the TPTC was split into 3 different entities: the Tanzania Posts Corporation (TPC), the Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited (TTCL) and the Tanzania Communication Commission (TCC).
Additionally, the Tanzania Broadcasting Commission (TBC) was established with Tanzania’s Broadcasting Act of 1993.
The main functions of TBC were: issuing broadcasting licenses, regulating and supervising broadcasting activities and maintaining a register of all broadcasters.
To foster convergence of technology and services, TCC and TBC were merged in 2003, to form the Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA).
TCRA regulates telecommunications, broadcasting and postal matters in Tanzania, promotes effective competition and economic efficiency, protects the interests of consumers, regulates rates and tariffs, and monitors the performance of the sector.
TCRA approved in 2005 a new Converged Licensing Framework (CLF), a pioneering move in the African continent, which allows operators to offer any type of services with the technology of their choice with one single license.
Today, the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) sector in Tanzania is completely liberalized and competition has grown in mobile cellular services, internet and data communications services.
On 23 February 2005, TCRA introduced the CLF to ensure regulatory flexibility, address market and technology developments and efficient utilization of network resources, and encourages market entry of small scale operators.
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