Tanzania export of goods and services rose by 9% over the past 5 years, from USD 8.9 billion in 2015 to USD 9.7 billion in 2019.
Tanzania’s main exports are tourism, minerals, manufactured goods, crops, fish and fish products, and horticultural products.
Tanzania Tourism Exports
The Tanzanian tourism sector is the country’s number one foreign currency earner.
Visitor exports generated USD 2.5 billion in 2019, compared to USD 2 billion in 2015, representing an increase of 25%.
Tanzania Mineral Exports
Mineral exports of Tanzania amounted to nearly USD 2.3 billion in 2019 (24% of total exports), compared to USD 1.4 billion in 2015.
Tanzania’s gold exports accounted for USD 2.2 billion of total exports in 2019, representing more than 90% of the country’s mineral exports. Gold exports increased by 83% over the past 5 years with USD 1.2 billion in 2015. Tanzania exports gold mainly to South Africa, India and Switzerland.
Other mineral exports of Tanzania include diamonds, tanzanite, rubies, sapphires, emerald, copper, silver and other precious stones.
Tanzania Manufactured Goods Exports
Manufactured goods exports accounted for USD 985 million (10%) of the total value of Tanzania’s exports in 2019 compared to USD 1.4 billion in 2015, marking a decrease of 30%.
Tanzania’s manufactured goods exports include cotton yarn, manufactured coffee and tobacco, sisal products (yarn and twine), plastic items, textile apparels, cement, and wheat flour.
Tanzania Crop Exports
Crop exports accounted for USD 830 million (9%) of the total value of Tanzania’s exports in 2019, compared to USD 793 million in 2015, representing an increase of 5%.
Raw tobacco and cashew nuts are Tanzania’s most exported cash crops. The top export destinations of the Tanzanian tobacco are Germany, Russia, and Poland, while almost 80% of cashews are exported to India.