Tanzania and India have traditionally enjoyed close, friendly, and cooperative relations.
From the 1960s to the 1980s the political relationship was driven largely by shared ideological commitments to anti-colonialism and socialism in various.
In recent years Indo-Tanzanian ties have evolved into a modern and pragmatic relationship with greater and diversified economic engagement.
India is the leading trading partner of Tanzania’s as well as an important source of essential machinery and pharmaceutical products. Total trade between India and Tanzania reached USD2.4b in 2015.
The top five Indian imports from Tanzania are gold, cashew nuts, vegetables, oil and vegetable fats, and wood.
The top five Indian exports to Tanzania are petroleum, medicaments, wires and cabled, optical fiber cables, and motorcycles.
Many of the top business establishments of Tanzania are owned by members of the Indian origin.
Indians form the largest expatriate community in Tanzania and their positive contribution in the progress and development of their host country is well recognized and appreciated.
In July 2016, India’s Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi paid a State Visit to Tanzania and met President John Magufuli, During the visit, the following MOU/agreements were signed:
• MoU on Cooperation in the field of water resource management and development
• MoU on Visa waiver agreement for Diplomatic/Official passport holders
• Agreement on Joint Action Plan between National Small Industries Corporation of
India and Small Industries Development Organization of Tanzania
• MoU for the Establishment of Vocational Training Centre at Zanzibar
• Line of Credit (L0C) of USD92m for rehabilitation and improvement of water supply system in
In October 2016, the Government of Tanzania made a USD170m purchase of vehicles, gensets, spares and equipment for ambulances, from Indian automobile manufacturing company Ashok Leyland.